The soldier in the shirt of chain mail was modeled on a figure from Titian's Crowning With Thorns (Musée du Louvre, Paris), which Tintoretto must have studied closely around 1541 before it was sent to Milan. The depiction of the chain mail gives Tintoretto an opportunity to display his artistic speed and economy: the uniformly dark underpainting on a light ground was first scored with guidelines following the shape of the body, and then the chain-mail links were scraped away, overlaid with a glaze to create shadows, and heightened with lead white.
In May 1871, Monet left London for the Netherlands and for a few months settled with his wife, Camille, and son, Jean, in Zaandam, halfway between Amsterdam and Haarlem. here he painted over twenty landscapes. The influence of Dutch landscape painting can be observed in his later seascapes of Rouen and Argenteuil.
Delacroix visited Morocco in 1832 as part of a French delegation sent by King Louis-Philippe after the conquest of Algeria. His impressions of North Africa left their mark on all his subsequent work,and sketches he made during the journey formed the basis of a host of painted variations. Here the subject is stripped of exotic details and subordinated to the unbridled energy of painting that is founded on the contrast of complementary colours, which Delacroix was the first to employ consistently as a means of artistic expression.
This picture was painted during the summer of 1874, when Manet was working with Monet and Renoir at Argenteuil, a village on the Seine northwest of Paris. The influence of the two young Impressionist painters on Manet is evident in the subject matter - a celebration of the everyday pleasures of the middle class - and in the fact that Manet's dark, Spanish palette has given way here to high-keyed hues. The flattened composition, in which the high viewpoint causes the water's surface to rise up as a backdrop, is cut off at the edges of the canvas, reflecting Manet's interest, shared with the Impressionists, in Japanese prints.
The Argenteuil (of vertical format) and the Boating (of horizontal format) are two open air genre portraits - rather than landscapes - which Manet painted in August 1874 at Argenteuil. The vertical-format painting is structurally the tighter thanks to its linear components, and is also the richest in motifs and forms. The sketchy horizontal-format picture uses large spaces of glowing colour. We do not know who the women in these paintings are; the man was either Manet's brother-in-law, the Dutch painter Rodolphe Leenhoff, or Baron Barbier.
The famous Singers (The Impassioned Singer and its companion-piece, The Singer with Flute) in the Borghese Gallery were attributed to Giorgione. However, this attribution is strongly debated. Some scholars think it to be the work of Domenico Capriolo (1494-1528), others assume that it was executed in the period following the death of Giorgione. The singers sing with an air of Baroque pathos surrounded by strong chiaroscuro effects, which in fact have induced many experts today to date them to the beginning of the 17th century.
The young girl looks out at the viewer, and takes time off from the making of music. It has been suggested that the Cupid on the wall conveys the emblematic meaning of unrequited love. Only the gentleman seems to be fully absorbed by his feelings, whereas the young woman appears distracted and inattentive.